Appraising small-scale modern dairy development in Kenya

Tribe, Michael; Huq, Mozammel and Bhatt, Prabhakara and Lewis, Chris and Shibli, Ahmed, eds. (1991) Appraising small-scale modern dairy development in Kenya. In: Science, Technology and Development. Frank Cass, London, pp. 187-198. ISBN 0714634557

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The paper considers technology and scale choice in milk processing in Kenya - specifically in an area remote from large-scale processing facilities. Raw material deterioration is of paramount concern, together with insertion of modern small-scale technology into the established marke structure. UHT (ultra high temperature) treatment significantly increases the shelf life of processed milk over raw milk, but 'diseconomies of small-scale' associated with miniaturising the modern technology endangers economic viability by comparison with larger scale plants using the same technology type. The small-scale modern technology is therefore in danger of 'falling between two stools'.