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Dipolar radiation from spinning dust grains coupled to an electromagnetic wave

Guerreiro, A. and Eloy, M. and Mendonça, J. T. and Bingham, R. (2007) Dipolar radiation from spinning dust grains coupled to an electromagnetic wave. Journal of Plasma Physics, 73 (4). pp. 555-563. ISSN 0022-3778

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In this paper we investigate how the complex rotation and quivering motion of an elongated polarized dust grain in the presence of a monochromatic electromagnetic (EM) wave can produce dipolar emission with two distinct spectral components. We present a model for the emission of radiation by elongated polarized dust grains under the influence of both an external EM wave and a constant background magnetic field. The dust, exhibiting rotational motion at the external EM field frequency ω0 as well as quivering motion at a frequency Ω0, proportional to the EM field amplitude, will radiate with frequencies that will depend on the external field wavelength and amplitude. The radiated spectra exhibits a frequency around ω0, and sidebands at ω0 ± ω0 and ω0± 2Ω0. Since the amplitude and the frequency of the background EM field are independent parameters, this model establishes a correlation between different spectral components of galactic dipolar emission, which may help to explain the correlation between a component of the Galactic microwave emission and the 100 μ m thermal emission from interstellar dust that has been recently measured.