Towards detailed occupancy and demand modelling of low-carbon communities

Flett, Graeme Hamilton and Kelly, Nicolas (2014) Towards detailed occupancy and demand modelling of low-carbon communities. In: 1st International Conference on Zero Carbon Buildings Today and in the Future, ZCB2014,, 2014-09-11 - 2014-09-12, Birmingham City University.

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    Abstract

    The integration of low carbon energy systems with zero carbon housing and communities requires a detailed understanding of the scale and timing of energy demand. Household demand is closely related to occupant type and associated occupancy patterns. A high resolution occupancy modelling technique is proposed as a foundation for future demand modelling. Probability data is compiled for multiple occupant, household, and day types from Time-Use Survey data. A higher order Markov approach is then used to generate representative occupancy profiles over extended time periods. An improved method to model family interactions has also been developed.