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Government funding, employment conditions, and work organization in non-profit community services : a comparative study

Cunningham, Ian and Baines, Donna and Charlesworth, Sara (2014) Government funding, employment conditions, and work organization in non-profit community services : a comparative study. Public Administration, 92 (3). pp. 582-598. ISSN 0033-3298

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Abstract

The article provides a comparative exploration of New Public Management (NPM) funding models on the non-profit sectors in the UK and Australia, and the implications for services, employment conditions, and worker commitment. A degree of convergence exists around the principles of NPM in the two case studies, creating employment regimes of low pay, casualization, and work intensification. Enhanced vulnerability to pay cuts in the UK, and insecurity in Australia are explained by national differences in exposure to recession, industrial relations institutions, and competition, leading to diminishing worker commitment and raising important concerns for policy-makers as benefits gained from outsourcing to non-profits are eroded.