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EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Introduction to partially ordered patterns

Kitaev, Sergey (2007) Introduction to partially ordered patterns. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 155 (8). pp. 929-944. ISSN 0166-218X

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Abstract

We review selected known results on partially ordered patterns (POPs) that include co-unimodal, multi- and shuffle patterns, peaks and valleys ((modified) maxima and minima) in permutations, the Horse permutations and others. We provide several new results on a class of POPs built on an arbitrary flat poset, obtaining, as corollaries, the bivariate generating function for the distribution of peaks (valleys) in permutations, links to Catalan, Narayana, and Pell numbers, as well as generalizations of a few results in the literature including the descent distribution. Moreover, we discuss a q-analogue for a result on non-overlapping segmented POPs. Finally, we suggest several open problems for further research.