Oxidation protection behaviour of titanium aluminide coatings develped by TIG technique

Mridha, Shahjahan and Baker, Neville (2014) Oxidation protection behaviour of titanium aluminide coatings develped by TIG technique. In: International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT 2014, 2014-11-16 - 2014-11-20, Atlantis the Palm.

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    Abstract

    Titanium alloys are attractive in aerospace applications for low density and good mechanical properties but they have poor in oxidation and wear resistance. A coating layer of titanium aluminide can mitigate these problems to some extent and make the alloys suitable for hot structure applications. This paper discusses the formation of titanium aluminide coatings on commercial purity titanium (CPTi) surfaces by melting a pre-placed aluminium and titanium powder mixture, using a tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding torch. Depending on powder composition and energy input, the resolidified melt layer produced a single phase a2-Ti3Al or a dual phase a2 and y-TiAl microstructures of lamellar or columnar dendritic types. The microhardness varied from 400 to 600 Hv based on the distribution within the microstructure. Testing the resistance to oxidation, by heating and cooling through nine cycles at 7500C for a total of 100 h in air, gave a weight gain of 1.00 mg cm-2 for the a2-Ti3Al coating compared to 2.60 mgcm-2 for the CPTi specimen. The dual phase coating showed much improved oxidation resistance with a weight gain of 0.35 mg cm-2 after exposure at similar conditions.