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New communesin derivatives from the fungus Penicillium sp. derived from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella verrucosa

Jadulco, Raquel and Edrada, Ru Angelie and Ebel, Rainer and Berg, Albrecht and Schaumann, Karsten and Wray, Victor and Steube, Klaus and Proksch, Peter and Edrada-Ebel, Ruangelie (2004) New communesin derivatives from the fungus Penicillium sp. derived from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella verrucosa. Journal of Natural Products, 67 (1). pp. 78-81. ISSN 0163-3864

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Abstract

The ethyl acetate extract of Penicillium sp., derived from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella verrucosa, yielded the known compound communesin B (1) and its new congeners communesins C (2) and D (3), as well as the known compounds griseofulvin, dechlorogriseofulvin, and oxaline. All structures were unambiguously established by 1D and 2D NMR and MS data. In several bioassays performed on different leukemia cell lines, the communesins exhibited moderate antiproliferative activity.