Temporal effects of multiple mating on components of fitness in the two-spot ladybird, adalia bipunctata (coleoptera: coccinellidae)

Haddrill, Penny and Shuker, David M and Mayes, Sean and Majerus, Michael E N (2007) Temporal effects of multiple mating on components of fitness in the two-spot ladybird, adalia bipunctata (coleoptera: coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology, 104 (3). pp. 393-398.

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Abstract

Insects have provided much of the best evidence to date concerning possible costs and benefits of multiple mating, and here we investigate the benefits of polyandry in the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata, by attempting to replicate the highly promiscuous mating system in this species. We compared the temporal pattern of reproductive success of females mated multiple times to one male with that of females mated an equal number of times to multiple males, and found transient differences in offspring production and hatch rate over time. Our data suggest that polyandrous females benefit from multiple mating in some circumstances, but the patterns are complex. Following how both the costs and benefits to mating accrue over time will be necessary if we are to fully understand why polyandry evolves.