Modulational and filamentational instabilities of intense photon pulses and their dynamics in a photon gas

Shukla, Padma and Eliasson, Bengt (2004) Modulational and filamentational instabilities of intense photon pulses and their dynamics in a photon gas. Physical Review Letters, 92 (7). 073601. ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract

It is shown that an intense photon pulse interacting nonlinearly with sound waves in a photon gas is subjected to modulational and filamentational instabilities. Starting from a new set of coupled equations governing nonlinear photon-photon interactions, we derive a dispersion relation which depicts the temporal and spatial amplification rates of the modulational and filamentational instabilities. The long term behavior of the modulationally unstable waves renders collapse of a photon beam as well as the formation of cylindrically symmetric photonic solitons. The results can have relevance to the understanding of the nonlinear photonic pulse propagation in astrophysical environments as well as in forthcoming intense laser-matter interaction experiments.

ORCID iDs

Shukla, Padma and Eliasson, Bengt ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6039-1574;