Demand side management for domestic plug-in electric vehicles in power distribution system operation

Huang, Sikai and Infield, David (2011) Demand side management for domestic plug-in electric vehicles in power distribution system operation. In: The 21st International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution (CIRED). CIRED, Liège.

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      Abstract

      The market for electric vehicles (EVs) has been rapidly expanded in the last few years due to the developments of battery technologies. It is expected that wide deployment of domestic owned electric vehicles offer the opportunities to both reduce carbon emission (CO2) and re-fuelling costs for domestic drivers. The batteries of these plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) can initially be charged at home, from a standard domestic socket, or a special charger installed by the electricity supplier. A Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) model based on details of UK domestic car use data has been developed in order to analyse the impact of battery charging demand on the power distribution system. These additional battery charging loads can act as responsive load on the system if appropriate control algorithms are applied to them. Demand Side Management has been regarded as one of the most effective approaches to manage EVs charging demand on power distribution system. This paper illustrates the potential for domestic electric vehicles to act as responsive load in order to prevent overloading the power distribution network.