Picture offshore wind farm

Open Access research that is improving renewable energy technology...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers across the departments of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering (MAE), Electronic & Electrical Engineering (EEE), and Naval Architecture, Ocean & Marine Engineering (NAOME), all of which are leading research into aspects of wind energy, the control of wind turbines and wind farms.

Researchers at EEE are examining the dynamic analysis of turbines, their modelling and simulation, control system design and their optimisation, along with resource assessment and condition monitoring issues. The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within MAE is producing research to achieve significant levels of energy efficiency using new and renewable energy systems. Meanwhile, researchers at NAOME are supporting the development of offshore wind, wave and tidal-current energy to assist in the provision of diverse energy sources and economic growth in the renewable energy sector.

Explore Open Access research by EEE, MAE and NAOME on renewable energy technologies. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Transient electric birefringence study of rod-shaped water-in-oil microemulsions

Mantegazza, Francesco and Degiorgio, Vittorio and Giardini, Mario Ettore and Price, A. Louise and Steytler, David C. and Robinson, Brian H. (1998) Transient electric birefringence study of rod-shaped water-in-oil microemulsions. Langmuir, 14. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0743-7463

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Transient electric birefringence (TEB) studies have been carried out on water-in-oil w/o microemulsions stabilized by Ni(AOT)2, the nickel salt of bis(ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate. The system forms rod-shaped droplets at low water contents which convert to more spherical aggregates as the water content is increased. TEB data have been obtained as a function of microemulsion volume fraction, φ, water content, and temperature. Relaxation transients of the electric birefringence signal were found to be nonexponential, following asymptotically a stretched-exponential behavior. The value of the stretching exponent at low volume fraction is consistent with the assumption that the length probability distribution is exponential. A model describing the Kerr response of the microemulsion droplets is developed. By using this model we derive the specific Kerr constant as a function of the volume fraction, finding a good agreement with the experimentally observed behavior. We also use the model to derive, from the initial slope of the relaxation, the mean rod length Lm. It is found that Lm grows approximately as the square root of φ. Values for Lm obtained from TEB are in good agreement with those obtained from small-angle neutron scattering measurements.