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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Adsorption kinetic study : effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake

Idris, Salah Ali Mahgoub and Alotaibi, Khalid Mohammed N and Peshkur, Tanya A. and Anderson, Peter and Morris, Michael A. and Gibson, Lorraine (2013) Adsorption kinetic study : effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 165. pp. 99-105.

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Abstract

Adsorbents were synthesized to obtain novel silica nanoparticles with a broad pore-size distribution (herein referred to as USG-41). The material demonstrated fast adsorption rates with highest adsorption capacities following Langmuir adsorption. Kinetic data best fit the intraparticle diffusion model demonstrating a two-step, surface and pore, adsorption process with pore diffusion being the rate determining step. This data provides key evidence of internal pore chelation of dichromate ions by USG-41. In contrast silica adsorbents (SBA-15 and MCM-41) prepared with similar average pore sizes to USG-41, but with narrow pore-size distributions, had lower adsorption capacities and their kinetic date best fit pseudo-second order diffusion models indicating a one-step, surface only, adsorption process. This study clearly demonstrated that pores size distribution, not the surface area or the average pore size, was central to ensure optimum adsorbent performance for removal of Cr (VI) from contaminated water.