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EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Pattern avoidance in partial permutations

Claesson, A. and Jelinek, V. and Jelinkova, E. and Kitaev, S. (2011) Pattern avoidance in partial permutations. The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 18 (1). ISSN 1077-8926

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Motivated by the concept of partial words, we introduce an analogous concept of partial permutations. A partial permutation of length n with k holes is a sequence of symbols $\pi = \pi_1\pi_2 ... \pi_n$ in which each of the symbols from the set {1,2,...,n-k} appears exactly once, while the remaining k symbols of $\pi$ are "holes". We introduce pattern-avoidance in partial permutations and prove that most of the previous results on Wilf equivalence of permutation patterns can be extended to partial permutations with an arbitrary number of holes. We also show that Baxter permutations of a given length k correspond to a Wilf-type equivalence class with respect to partial permutations with (k-2) holes. Lastly, we enumerate the partial permutations of length n with k holes avoiding a given pattern of length at most four, for each n >= k >= 1.