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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

Explore research outputs by the European Policies Research Centre...

Multiple output production with undesirable outputs : an application to nitrogen surplus in agriculture

Fernandez, C. and Koop, G.M. and Steel, M. (2002) Multiple output production with undesirable outputs : an application to nitrogen surplus in agriculture. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 97. pp. 432-442. ISSN 0162-1459

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Many production processes yield both good outputs and undesirable ones (e.g., pollutants). In this article we develop a generalization of a stochastic frontier model that is appropriate for such technologies. We discuss efficiency analysis and, in particular, define technical and environmental efficiency in the context of our model. We develop methods for carrying out Bayesian inference and apply them to a panel data set of Dutch dairy farms, where excess nitrogen production constitutes an important environmental problem.