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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Functional coupling of motor units is modulated during walking in human subjects

Halliday, D.M. and Conway, B.A. and Christensen, L.O.D. and Hansen, N.L. and Peterson, N.P. and Neilsen, J.B. (2003) Functional coupling of motor units is modulated during walking in human subjects. Journal of Neurophysiology, 89 (2). pp. 960-968. ISSN 0022-3077

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Abstract

Time- and frequency-domain analysis of the coupling between pairs of electromyograms (EMG) recorded from leg muscles was investigated during walking in healthy human subjects. For two independent surface EMG signals from the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle, coupling estimated from coherence measurements was observed at frequencies <= 50 Hz, with identifiable peaks occurring in two frequency bands ranging approximately from 8 to 15 and 15 to 20 Hz. The coherence between TA recordings was greatest toward the end of swing, reduced in early swing, and largely absent in midswing. In time-domain estimates constructed from paired TA EMG recordings, a short-lasting central peak indicative of motor-unit synchronization was observed. This feature of motor-unit coupling was also reduced in mid swing. In paired recordings made among triceps surae, quadriceps, and hamstring muscles, a similar pattern of correlation to that for paired TA recordings was observed. However, no significant coupling was observed in recordings for which one EMG recording was made from an ankle flexor/extensor muscle and the other from a knee extensor/flexor muscle. These results demonstrate that for TA a modulation exists in the functional coupling of motor units recruited during swing. The data also indicate that human motoneurons belonging to different muscles are only weakly coupled during walking. This absence of widespread short-term synchronization between the activities of muscles of the leg may provide a basis for the highly adaptive nature of human gait patterns.