Picture of model of urban architecture

Open Access research that is exploring the innovative potential of sustainable design solutions in architecture and urban planning...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Department of Architecture based within the Faculty of Engineering.

Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

Explore all the Open Access research of the Department of Architecture. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Client-led approaches to increasing participation of women and ethnic minorities in the construction workforce: a framework for change

Agapiou, A. (2003) Client-led approaches to increasing participation of women and ethnic minorities in the construction workforce: a framework for change. Journal of Construction Procurement, 9 (2). pp. 4-16. ISSN 1358-9180

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


The UK construction industry has recently recognised the importance of client influence in driving the industry's performance improvement agenda as embodied within the Rethinking Construction report (Egan, 1998). Notably, the industry's Strategic Forum (2002) has recently advocated client led change to ensure better value and more efficient operation within the industry through its Accelerating Change report. However, a serious delimitation on the industry maintaining the continuous improvement agenda is its apparent inability to diversify its workforce, which in turn threatens its ability to cope with the onset of skills shortages. Currently, the industry's labour force composition is overwhelmingly white male and it has made little inroads to improving this situation, despite consistent calls to address the issue. This position paper posits that it would be opportune for the sector to integrate the current drive for client-led change with the need for workforce diversification, particularly given the recently announced increase in public sector spending about to impact on the industry's new orders and output growth. A framework of recommendations is put forward for achieving social inclusion through client-led procurement practices which are closely aligned with the Government's emphasis on achieving best value and the concept of Jobs and Training Agreements.