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Bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium complexes of naphthalene-1,8-dithiolates, biphenyl 2,2 '-dithiolates, and related ligands

Aucott, S M and Kilian, P and Milton, H L and Robertson, S D and Slawin, A M Z and Woollins, J D (2005) Bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium complexes of naphthalene-1,8-dithiolates, biphenyl 2,2 '-dithiolates, and related ligands. Inorganic Chemistry, 44 (8). pp. 2710-2718. ISSN 0020-1669

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Titanocene 1,8-dithiolato-naphthalene and titanocene 2,2'-dithiolato biphenyl are produced by the reaction of naphtho[1,8-cd]-1,2-dithiole [or the biphenyl] with titanocene dicarbonyl (Ti(II)) in toluene at room temperature. The proligands 2,7-di(tert-butyl)naphtho[1,8-cd]-1,2-dithiole, 5,6-dihydroacenaphtho[5,6-cd]-1,2-dithiole, 4,5-dithioacephenanthrylene, and 13,14-dithiapicene have been used in similar reactions with titanocene dicarbonyl to investigate the effect of steric bulk and of varying the naphthalene backbone on the final complex. The resulting Cp2TiS2Ar complexes (Ar = naphthalene) have been shown by temperature-dependent H-1 NMR spectroscopy to exist in solution in an envelope conformation with the six-membered TiS2C3 rings undergoing inversion on the NMR time scale while the similar Cp2TiS2Ar complexes (Ar = biphenyl, binaphthalene) interconvert more rapidly. Titanocene 2,2'-disulfinato biphenyl has been synthesized by the salt elimination reaction of titanocene dichloride (Ti(IV)) and the disodium salt of biphenyl 2,2'-disulfinic acid. Finally, the effect of using pro-ligands where the sulfur atoms have been mono- or di-oxidized has been studied, and an interesting oxygen elimination reaction is observed for the S=O fragments but not for the SO2 groups. All complexes have been characterized spectroscopically and seven X-ray structures are reported.