Picture map of Europe with pins indicating European capital cities

Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

Explore research outputs by the European Policies Research Centre...

Influence of genes within the MHC on mortality and brain cyst development in mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii : kinetics of immune regulation in BALB H-2 congenic mice

Blackwell, J M and Roberts, C W and Alexander, J and Roberts, Craig (1993) Influence of genes within the MHC on mortality and brain cyst development in mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii : kinetics of immune regulation in BALB H-2 congenic mice. Parasite Immunology, 15 (6). pp. 317-324. ISSN 0141-9838

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Previous work has shown that genes within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the mouse influence resistance and susceptibility to Toxoplasma gondii infection. Initial studies presented here using B10 H-2 congenic and recombinant haplotype mice inoculated via the oral route with the low virulence Beverley strain of T. gondii confirm the D region localization of MHC-linked control of brain cyst number. All B10 mice were, however, exquisitely sensitive to minor changes in virulence of the parasite inoculum resulting in high mortality during the early acute phase of infection. Further experiments examining mortality and brain cyst number in BALB MHC congenic mice inoculated via different routes indicated that the BALB background would provide a more favourable genetic environment in which to analyse kinetics of MHC controlled immune regulation following infection via the natural (oral) route. In studies comparing d and k haplotype mice a dramatic inverse relationship between splenic CD4:CD8 T cell ratios and brain cyst number was observed, particularly in the strain (BALB/K; H-2k) most susceptible to high brain cyst numbers and subsequent toxoplasmic encephalitis. Of particular interest was the observation that splenomegaly and the relative increase in the splenic CD8 T cell population preceded and accompanied the very dramatic and rapid increase in brain cyst formation. The results suggest that the too rapid development of a potent anti-parasite response in the viscera may drive the parasite to encyst in the brain.