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Measuring the likelihood property of scoring functions in general retrieval models

Bache, R. and Baillie, M. and Crestani, F. (2009) Measuring the likelihood property of scoring functions in general retrieval models. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 60 (6). pp. 1294-1297.

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Although retrieval systems based on probabilistic models will rank the objects (e.g., documents) being retrieved according to the probability of some matching criterion (e.g., relevance), they rarely yield an actual probability, and the scoring function is interpreted to be purely ordinal within a given retrieval task. In this brief communication, it is shown that some scoring functions possess the likelihood property, which means that the scoring function indicates the likelihood of matching when compared to other retrieval tasks, which is potentially more useful than pure ranking although it cannot be interpreted as an actual probability. This property can be detected by using two modified effectiveness measures: entire precision and entire recall.