Picture water droplets

Developing mathematical theories of the physical world: Open Access research on fluid dynamics from Strathclyde

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by Strathclyde's Department of Mathematics & Statistics, where continuum mechanics and industrial mathematics is a specialism. Such research seeks to understand fluid dynamics, among many other related areas such as liquid crystals and droplet evaporation.

The Department of Mathematics & Statistics also demonstrates expertise in population modelling & epidemiology, stochastic analysis, applied analysis and scientific computing. Access world leading mathematical and statistical Open Access research!

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research...

Glucose sensing based on the intrinsic fluorescence of sol-gel immobilized yeast hexokinase

Hussain, F. and Birch, David J.S. and Pickup, John C. (2005) Glucose sensing based on the intrinsic fluorescence of sol-gel immobilized yeast hexokinase. Analytical Biochemistry, 339 (1). pp. 137-143. ISSN 0003-2697

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

In this study, we investigated measurements of the intrinsic fluorescence of yeast hexokinase as an assay for glucose and immobilization of the enzyme in a silica sol-get matrix as a potential in vivo glucose sensor for use in patients with diabetes. The intrinsic fluorescence of hexokinase in solution (excitation = 295 nm, emission = 330 nm) decreased by 23% at a saturating glucose concentration of 1 mM (K-d = 0.3 mM), but serum abolished the glucose-related fluorescence response. When entrapped in tetramethylorthosilicate-derived sol gel, hexokinase retained activity, with a 25% maximal glucose-related decrease in intrinsic fluorescence, and the saturation point was increased to 50 mM glucose (K-d = 12.5 mM). The glucose response range was increased further (to 120 mM, K-d = 57 mM) by a covering membrane of poly(2-hydroxyethyl) methacrylate. Unlike free enzyme, the fluorescence responses to glucose with sol-gel immobilized hexokinase, with or Without covering membrane, were similar for buffer and serum. We conclude that fluorescence monitoring of sol-gel entrapped yeast hexokinase is a Suitable system for development as an in vivo glucose biosensor. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.