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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Quantum limits on noise in dual input-output linear optical amplifiers and attenuators

Loudon, R and Jedrkiewicz, O and Barnett, S M and Jeffers, J (2003) Quantum limits on noise in dual input-output linear optical amplifiers and attenuators. Physical Review A, 67 (3). -. ISSN 1094-1622

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Abstract

The input-output relations for linear amplifiers and attenuators that have two input and two output channels are used to derive inequalities that relate their gain profiles and output noise spectra. The results generalize earlier derivations, which mainly focus their attention on single-channel devices, to the two-ended amplifiers and attenuators often used in practical communications systems. The present inequalities are satisfied by the results of previous calculations for specific model systems. It is shown that; in contrast to single-channel devices, a two-ended system can act as an amplifier for some input signals and an attenuator for others, even when all the signal frequencies are the same. The output from the two-channel amplifier has a minimum noise determined by the sum of the gains for both input channels, even when only one input channel is used and the other is in its vacuum state. The conditions on device construction needed to achieve equal gains for signals that arrive at the two ends of the device are determined. The present results reduce to those of single-channel theory in special cases where the two output channels are each separately fed by only one of the two input channels.