Picture of neon light reading 'Open'

Discover open research at Strathprints as part of International Open Access Week!

23-29 October 2017 is International Open Access Week. The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of Open Access research outputs, all produced by University of Strathclyde researchers.

Explore recent world leading Open Access research content this Open Access Week from across Strathclyde's many research active faculties: Engineering, Science, Humanities, Arts & Social Sciences and Strathclyde Business School.

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research outputs...

FTY720 and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate inhibit sphingosine kinase 1 and promote its proteasomal degradation in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle, breast cancer and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells

Tonelli, F. and Lim, K.G. and Loveridge, Carolyn and Long, J. and Pitson, S.M. and Tigyi, G. and Bittman, R. and Pyne, S. and Pyne, N.J. (2010) FTY720 and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate inhibit sphingosine kinase 1 and promote its proteasomal degradation in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle, breast cancer and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. Cellular Signalling, 22 (10). pp. 1536-1542. ISSN 1873-3913

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is an enzyme that catalyses the phosphorylation of sphingosine to produce the bioactive lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). We demonstrate here that FTY720 (Fingolimod) and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate are novel inhibitors of SK1 catalytic activity and induce the proteasomal degradation of this enzyme in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, MCF-7 breast cancer cells and androgen-independent LNCaP-AI prostate cancer cells. Proteasomal degradation of SK1 in response to FTY720 and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate is associated with the down-regulation of the androgen receptor in LNCaP-AI cells. (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate also induces the apoptosis of these cells. These findings indicate that SK1 is involved in protecting LNCaP-AI from apoptosis. This protection might be mediated by so-called 'inside-out' signalling by S1P, as LNCaP-AI cells exhibit increased expression of S1P(2/3) receptors and reduced lipid phosphate phosphatase expression (compared with androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells) thereby potentially increasing the bioavailability of S1P at S1P(2/3) receptors.