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Open Access research which pushes advances in bionanotechnology

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SIPBS is a major research centre in Scotland focusing on 'new medicines', 'better medicines' and 'better use of medicines'. This includes the exploration of nanoparticles and nanomedicines within the wider research agenda of bionanotechnology, in which the tools of nanotechnology are applied to solve biological problems. At SIPBS multidisciplinary approaches are also pursued to improve bioscience understanding of novel therapeutic targets with the aim of developing therapeutic interventions and the investigation, development and manufacture of drug substances and products.

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Synthesis of 8-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl substituted xanthine derivatives as adenosine A2A ligands

Bansal, R. and Kumar, G. and Gandhi, D. and Yadav, R. and Young, L.C. and Harvey, A.L. (2009) Synthesis of 8-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl substituted xanthine derivatives as adenosine A2A ligands. ChemInform, 41 (33). ISSN 1522-2667

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Abstract

The present paper describes the synthesis of a series of 8-(cyclopentyloxy)phenyl-xanthines and their evaluation for affinity for A1 and A2 adenosine receptors using radioligand binding assays. The effects of moving the cyclopentyloxy substituent with or without an ortho methoxy group on the various positions of the 8-phenyl ring have been studied. The vanilloid based xanthines 8-[4-(cyclopentyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]-1,3-dimethylxanthine (6a) (K(i)= 100 nM) and 8-[(4-cyclopentyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl] -3-methyl-1-propylxanthine (12) (K(i) = 150 nM) displayed the highest affinity at A2A receptors as well as over 1000 fold selectivity over the A1 adenosine receptor subtype.