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Modelling the impact of micro-combined heat and power generators on electricity distribution networks

Thomson, M. and Infield, D.G. (2008) Modelling the impact of micro-combined heat and power generators on electricity distribution networks. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, 222 (7). pp. 697-706. ISSN 0957-6509

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Abstract

This paper investigates potential technical effects that a high take up of domestic micro-CHP could have on an electricity distribution system. This study is based on a combination of house-by-house energy use modelling and network power-flow analysis. A variety of micro-CHP technologies are represented, including Stirling engines, internal combustion engines, and fuel cells. These have different heat-to-power ratios and thus different impacts on the electricity system. The results and discussion focus on voltage rise, which is considered to be the primary constraint on allowable penetration.