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Crystal growth of a series of lithium garnets Ln(3)Li(5)Ta(2)O(12) (Ln=La, Pr, Nd): Structural properties, Alexandrite effect and unusual ionic conductivity

Roof, I.P. and Smith, M.D. and Cussen, E.J. and zur Loye, H.C. (2009) Crystal growth of a series of lithium garnets Ln(3)Li(5)Ta(2)O(12) (Ln=La, Pr, Nd): Structural properties, Alexandrite effect and unusual ionic conductivity. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 182 (2). pp. 295-300. ISSN 0022-4596

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Abstract

We report the single crystal structures of a series of lanthanide containing tantalates, Ln3Li5Ta2O12 (Ln=La, Pr, Nd) that were obtained out of a reactive lithium hydroxide flux. The structures of Ln3Li5Ta2O12 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, where the Li+ positions and Li+ site occupancies were fixed based on previously reported neutron diffraction data for isostructural compounds. All three oxides crystallize in the cubic space group (No. 230) with lattice parameters a=12.7735(1), 12.6527(1), and 12.5967(1) Å for La3Li5Ta2O12, Pr3Li5Ta2O12, and Nd3Li5Ta2O12, respectively. A UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectrum of Nd3Li5Ta2O12 was collected to explain its unusual Alexandrite-like optical behavior. To evaluate the transport properties of Nd3Li5Ta2O12, the impedance data were collected in air in the temperature range 300T(°C)500.