Synthesis of a series of 8-(substituted-phenyl)xanthines and a study on the effects of substitution pattern of phenyl substituents on affinity for adenosine A(1) and A(2A) receptors

Bansal, R. and Kumar, G. and Gandhi, D. and Young, Louise C. and Harvey, A.L. (2009) Synthesis of a series of 8-(substituted-phenyl)xanthines and a study on the effects of substitution pattern of phenyl substituents on affinity for adenosine A(1) and A(2A) receptors. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 44 (5). pp. 2122-2127. ISSN 0223-5234

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Abstract

A new series of 8-(substituted-phenyl)xanthines have been synthesized and compounds were evaluated for their affinity for A(1) and A(2) adenosine receptors (AR) using radioligand binding assays. The effects of varying the positions of 8-phenyl substituents on affinity and selectivity at A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptors have been studied. Isovanilloid 1,3-dimethyl-8-[4-methoxy-3-(2-morpholin-4-ylethoxy)phenylxanthine (9d) displayed the highest affinity and selectivity towards A(2A) AR subtypes with K-i = 100 nM over A(1) receptors (Ki > 100 mM). It has been observed that substitution pattern on 8-phenyl group greatly affects the affinity and selectivity at adenosine receptors, with A(2A) tolerating bulkier substituents than did A(1) receptors.