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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Neuromuscular effects of nigexine, a basic phospholipase-a2 from naja-nigricollis venom

Rowan, E.G. and Harvey, A.L. and Menez, A. (1991) Neuromuscular effects of nigexine, a basic phospholipase-a2 from naja-nigricollis venom. Toxicon, 29 (3). pp. 371-374. ISSN 0041-0101

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Abstract

Nigexine is a basic phospholipase A2 from the venom of the spitting cobra Naja nigricollis. In addition to its anticoagulant and cytolytic properties, nigexine also affects neuromuscular transmission in vitro. On chick biventer cervicis preparations, 1.5 μM nigexine caused a slowly developing block of responses to nerve stimulation, and a progressive loss of postjunctional sensitivity. Nigexine was at least 10 times less potent than notexin. On frog cutaneous pectoris preparations, nigexine caused a transient facilitation of evoked acetylcholine release, followed by a block. Spontaneous release was not abolished, and nigexine induced the release of abnormally large packets of transmitter. Nigexine also caused contracture of muscle fibres, accompanied by depolarization and degeneration. Nigexine appears to be able to cause prejunctional blockade and direct muscle damage to isolated skeletal muscle preparations.