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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin is an activator of nitric oxide synthases

Suckling, Colin J. and Gibson, C.L. and Huggan, Judith K. and Morthala, Raghavendar R. and Clarke, Brendan and Kununthur, Suma and Wadsworth, Roger M. and Daff, Simon and Papale, Davide (2008) 6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin is an activator of nitric oxide synthases. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 18 (5). pp. 1563-1566. ISSN 0960-894X

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Abstract

6-Acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-7,8-dihydropterin 3 has been shown to be able to substitute for the natural cofactor of nitric oxide synthases, tetrahydrobiopterin 1, in cells and tissues that contain active nitric oxide synthases (NOSs). In both macrophages, which produce iNOS, and endothelial cells, which produce eNOS, in which tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis has been blocked by inhibition of GTP cyclohydrolase 1, dihydropterin 3 restored production of nitric oxide by these cells. In tissues, 3 caused relaxation in preconstricted rat aortic rings, again in which tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis had been inhibited, an effect that was blocked by the NOS inhibitor, l-NAME. However, dihydropterin 3 was not itself an active cofactor in purified NOS (nNOS) preparations free of tetrahydrobiopterin suggesting that intracellular reduction to 6-acetyl-7,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin 4 is required for activity. Compound 4 was prepared by reduction of the corresponding 7,8-dihydropterin with sodium cyanoborohydride and has been shown to be a competent cofactor for nitric oxide production by nNOS. Together, the results show that the 7,7-dimethyl-7,8-dihydropterin is a novel structural framework for effective tetrahydrobiopterin analogues.