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Cruces contranatura : etnia, clase e identidad cultural en algunos cuentos de Julio Ramón Ribeyro

Rodero, J. (2007) Cruces contranatura : etnia, clase e identidad cultural en algunos cuentos de Julio Ramón Ribeyro. Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos, 31 (2). pp. 253-265. ISSN 0384-8167

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Abstract

Julio Ramon Ribeyro is the most representative writer of the "Generation 50" in Peru, leaving the regional rural to shape urban issues. Most of the stories reflect Ribeyro from this urban neorealism, social exclusion or maladjustment to the changing social groups, so the class issues play a central role in his narrative short. This article discusses two stories: "Phoenix" and "alienation," and refers to three others: "The skin of an Indian does is expensive," "The Dying" and "modest in color." In all of them appear characters belonging to marginalized ethnic groups in relation to white characters or middle-class mestizos, a relationship that is usually told from a seemingly distant and critical objectivism, but sometimes the narrator takes a moralistic position that highlights the contradictions latent in society Peru and, more specifically, in the middle class, from whose perspective tells Ribeyro, with respect to race relations, cultural and class. We try to answer two key questions: To what extent Ribeyro objectivist neorealism plays or not the stereotypical image and prevailing prejudices about these ethnic groups? How Ribeyro uses characters 'ethnic' marginal political or educational purposes?