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Toward a broader measurement of international entrepreneurship

Dimitratos, Pavlos and Nakos, Georg and Ennis, Sean and Plakoyiannaki, Emmanuella (2004) Toward a broader measurement of international entrepreneurship. In: Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2004 : proceedings of the twenty-fourth annual entrepreneurship research conference. Babson College, Babson Park, USA, p. 492. ISBN 0910897255

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In this paper, we suggest six dimensions that the international entrepreneurship construct should capture in order to be operationalized and measured holistically: international market orientation (comprising international customer orientation, interfunctional coordination and competitor orientation), international learning orientation, international innovation propensity, international risk attitude, international networking orientation and international motivation. We propose that these six dimensions make up the 'international entrepreneurial culture' of the firm. In doing so, we aim at a comprehensive operationalization of international entrepreneurship that extends the typical three-dimensional measurement of 'entrepreneurial style' (based mainly on Miller & Friesen, 1982: Strategic Management Journal), highlighting the international aspects of this phenomenon.