Picture of smart phone in human hand

World leading smartphone and mobile technology research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in researching exciting new applications for mobile and smartphone technology. But the transformative application of mobile technologies is also the focus of research within disciplines as diverse as Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Marketing, Human Resource Management and Biomedical Enginering, among others.

Explore Strathclyde's Open Access research on smartphone technology now...

Chronic toxicity of hexavalent chromium to U937 human monocyte cell line

Raghunathan, V.K. and Ellis, E.M. and Grant, M.H. (2006) Chronic toxicity of hexavalent chromium to U937 human monocyte cell line. In: BioScience 2006: Bioscience in the 21st Century, 2006-07-23 - 2006-07-27.

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


Cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloy and stainless steel are widely used in orthopaedic implants. Cr(VI) is known to be released when metals corrode in vivo (Milošev et al., 2005) and may be toxic to local cells like osteoblasts and macrophages. Ning and Grant, 2000 J. Ning and M.H. Grant, Toxicol. In Vitro 14 (2000), pp. 329-335. Article | PDF (185 K)(25)Ning and Grant (2000) have demonstrated the acute toxicity of Cr(VI) to immortalised rat osteoblasts and shown the involvement of reduced glutathione (GSH) and glutathione reductase (GRd) in the interaction. This paper details the chronic toxicity of hexavalent chromium to U937 human monocyte cell lines.