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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Assessment of drug permeability distributions in two different model skins

Khan, G.M. and Frum, Y. and Sarheed, O.A. and Eccleston, G.M. and Meidan, V.M. (2005) Assessment of drug permeability distributions in two different model skins. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 303 (1-2). pp. 81-87. ISSN 0378-5173

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Abstract

Past in vitro studies with human skin have indicated that drug permeability coefficient (Kp) distributions do not always follow a Gaussian-normal pattern. This has major statistical implications, exemplified by the fact that use of t-tests to evaluate significance is limited to normally distributed populations. Percutaneous absorption research often involves using animal or synthetic skins to simulate less readily available human skin. However, negligible work has been performed on assessing the permeability variabilities of these model membranes. This paper aims to fill this gap. To this end, four studies were undertaken representing two different drugs (caffeine and testosterone) with each drug penetrating through two different model skins (silicone membrane and pig skin). It was determined that in the silicone membrane studies, both compounds' Kp distributions could be fitted to a normal pattern. In contrast, in the pig skin studies, there were notable differences between each drug. While the testosterone Kp values could be fitted to a normal distribution, this was not possible with the caffeine Kp data, which could be fitted to a log-normal distribution. There is some evidence from the literature as well as physicochemical considerations that these outcomes may reflect general trends that are dependent upon both membrane and penetrant properties.