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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty

Grierson, D. (2007) Health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2 (Issue ). pp. 391-396. ISSN 1833-1882

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Abstract

If UN projections are correct, global urban populations will grow to exceed 5 billion people by the year 2025, raising cities share of world inhabitants to more than 60 percent globally. Urbanization brings about fundamental changes in the way people live and work and has profound implications for the health of those who live in cities. Along with chronic and degenerative diseases in the developed nations, the expeditious spread of infectious diseases in the developing world threatens the very cohesion of society. In 2002, twenty six percent of all worldwide deaths were the result of communicable disease infection. Around 90 per cent of infections in developing countries are attributed to water borne diseases resulting from concentrated urbanization and industrialised agricultural practices. This paper will address health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty, and in particular the health impacts of marginalization, social exclusion, and inequity associated with built form and dispersed settlement patterns. It argues that the accelerated pace of urbanization requires that infectious disease is understood as a global challenge of improving public health, securing socio-economic well-being, and advancing sustainable development.