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Group formation and political conflict: instrumental and expressive approaches

Jennings, C. and Hamlin, A. (2004) Group formation and political conflict: instrumental and expressive approaches. Public Choice, 118 (3-4). pp. 413-435. ISSN 0048-5829

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We construct models of the endogenous formation of political groups designed to capture some of the key features ofpolitical and social conflict. We draw on the 'citizen candidate' approach and consider both instrumental and expressive approaches to understanding group formation and conflict between groups. We argue that the inclusion of expressive elements into the analysis of political groups provides both new insights and a better fit with certain aspects of the realities of political conflict.