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Liposomes encapsulating polymeric chitosan based vesicles - a vesicle in vesicle system for drug delivery

McPhail, Donald and Tetley, L. and Dufès, Christine and Uchegbu, I.F. (2000) Liposomes encapsulating polymeric chitosan based vesicles - a vesicle in vesicle system for drug delivery. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 200 (1). pp. 73-86. ISSN 0378-5173

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Drug delivery systems comprising vesicles prepared from one amphiphile encapsulating vesicles prepared from a second amphiphile have not been prepared previously due to a tendency of the bilayer components of the different vesicles to mix during preparation. Recently we have developed polymeric vesicles using the new polymer-palmitoyl glycol chitosan and cholesterol in a 2:1 weight ratio. These polymeric vesicles have now been encapsulated within egg phosphatidylcholine (egg PC), cholesterol (2:1 weight ratio) liposomes yielding a vesicle in vesicle system. The vesicle in vesicle system was visualised by freeze fracture electron microscopy. The mixing of the different bilayer components was studied by monitoring the excimer fluorescence of pyrene-labelled polymeric vesicles after their encapsulation within egg PC liposomes or hexadecyl diglycerol ether niosomes. A minimum degree of lipid mixing was observed with the polymeric vesicle-egg PC liposome system when compared to the polymeric vesicle-hexadecyl diglycerol ether niosome system. The polymeric vesicle-egg PC vesicle in vesicle system was shown to retard the release of encapsulated solutes. 28% of 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF) encapsulated in the polymeric vesicle compartment of the vesicle in vesicle system was released after 4 h compared to the release of 62% of encapsulated CF from plain polymeric vesicles within the same time period.