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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.


Using bicistronic IL-4 reporter mice to identify IL-4 expressing cells following immunisation with aluminium adjuvant

Brewer, J.M. (2006) Using bicistronic IL-4 reporter mice to identify IL-4 expressing cells following immunisation with aluminium adjuvant. Vaccine, 24 (26). pp. 5393-5399. ISSN 0264-410X

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The Th2 dominated immune response induced by aluminium adjuvants remains a major limitation to their application to modern vaccines. Previous studies have shown that while these adjuvants can initiate Th2 responses in mice with disrupted IL-4 production or IL-4 signalling, a strong Th1 response becomes evident in these situations, suggesting that the main function of IL-4 in the response to aluminium adsorbed antigens is to antagonise Th1 induction. In this study we have employed the recently described, 4get reporter mice, that express GFP as part of a bicistronic IL-4-IRES-GFP mRNA, to identify IL-4 expressing cells in situ during an aluminium adjuvant-induced Th2 responses. These preliminary studies implicate conventional CD4+ T cells as the sole potential producers of IL-4 following immunisation with antigen prepared in aluminium adjuvants. Furthermore, as GFP positive cells are first detected in the lymph node, our studies indicate that these cells may act to block induction of Th1 responses by aluminium adjuvants. We conclude that devising strategies to block the effects of IL-4 production by these cells will facilitate the rational design of vaccine adjuvants that induce Th1 responses.