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Civil conflict, federalism and strategic delegation of leadership

Jennings, C. and Roelfsema, H. (2008) Civil conflict, federalism and strategic delegation of leadership. Journal of Peace Research, 45 (4). pp. 557-573. ISSN 0022-3433

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    Abstract

    This article analyzes negative externalities that policymakers in one region or group may impose upon the citizens of neighboring regions or groups. These externalities may be material, but they may also be psychological (in the form of envy). The latter form of externality may arise from the production of 'conspicuous' public goods. As a result, decentralized provision of conspicuous public goods may be too high. Potentially, a centralized legislature may internalize negative externalities. However, in a model with strategic delegation, we argue that the median voter in each jurisdiction may anticipate a reduction in local public goods supply and delegate to a policymaker who cares more for public goods than she does herself. This last effect mitigates the expected benefits of policy centralization. The authors' theory is then applied to the setting of civil conflict, where they discuss electoral outcomes in Northern Ireland and Yugoslavia before and after significant institutional changes that affected the degree of centralization. These case studies provide support for the authors' theoretical predictions.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 7280
    Keywords: civil conflict, federalism, leadership, economics, Commerce, Political Science and International Relations, Safety Research, Sociology and Political Science
    Subjects: Social Sciences > Commerce
    Department: Strathclyde Business School > Economics
    Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2008 11:55
    Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 13:41
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/7280

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