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Hawtreyan 'credit deadlock' or Keynesian 'liquidity trap'? Lessons for Japan from the great depression

Sandilands, R.J. (2009) Hawtreyan 'credit deadlock' or Keynesian 'liquidity trap'? Lessons for Japan from the great depression. Working paper. University of Strathclyde.

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Abstract

This paper outlines the ideas of Ralph Hawtrey and Lauchlin Currie on the need for monetised fiscal deficit spending in 1930s USA to combat the deep depression into which the economy had been allowed to sink. In such exceptional circumstances of 'credit deadlock' in which banks were afraid to lend and households and business afraid to borrow, the deadlock could best be broken through the spending of new money into circulation via large fiscal deficits. This complementarity of fiscal and monetary policy was shown to be essential, and as such indicates the potential power of monetary policy - in contrast to the Keynesian "liquidity trap" view that it is powerless This lesson was not learned by the Japanese authorities in their response to the asset price collapse of 1991-92, resulting in a lost decade as ballooning fiscal deficits were neutralised throughout the 1990s by unhelpfully tight monetary policy with the Bank of Japan refusing to monetise the deficits.

Item type: Monograph (Working paper)
ID code: 7234
Notes: Also published as a book chapter, see strathprints ID 15379
Keywords: keynesian economics, great depression, Japan, market economy, labour, hawtreyan credit deadlock, keynesian liquidity trap, Commerce
Subjects: Social Sciences > Commerce
Department: Strathclyde Business School > Economics
Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2009 11:26
Last modified: 22 May 2015 08:50
Related URLs:
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/7234

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