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Starting life in Scotland in the new millennium: population replacement and the reproduction of disadvantage

Joshi, H.E. and Wright, R.E. (2004) Starting life in Scotland in the new millennium: population replacement and the reproduction of disadvantage. [Report]

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Abstract

Scotland, in line with the rest of Europe, is experiencing low rates of child-bearing and its population is ageing. This does not necessarily mean that people in Scotland are going grey at a faster rate than they used to. Rather, it means that there is an increasing proportion of elderly people in its population, with more people who are growing old than are growing up. The "birth dearth" and "population greying" are not unconnected: low fertility is the key influence on the age structure of a population as well as the rate of population growth.