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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Using mathematical modelling to inform on the ability of stormwater ponds to improve the water quality of urban runoff

Wallis, S. and Morgan, C. and Lunn, R.J. and Heal, K. (2006) Using mathematical modelling to inform on the ability of stormwater ponds to improve the water quality of urban runoff. Water Science and Technology, 53 (10). pp. 229-236. ISSN 0273-1223

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Abstract

This paper concerns the mathematical modelling of flow and solute transport through stormwater ponds. The model is based on appropriate lumped system conservation equations that are solved using standard numerical techniques. The model was used to route a first flush pollution scenario through a cylindrical pond for 16 combinations of elevation and diameter of a submerged pipe outlet, in conjunction with a high level weir. Higher pipe elevations and smaller pipe diameters created larger pond volumes and hence led to greater dilution of the pollutant. In contrast, lower pipe elevations created larger storage volumes, leading to better flow attenuation. Interestingly, larger pipe diameters improved peak flow attenuation, even though the storage used decreased.