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Effects of electrically induced muscle contraction on flexion reflex in human spinal cord injury

Knikou, M. and Conway, B.A. (2005) Effects of electrically induced muscle contraction on flexion reflex in human spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 43 (11). pp. 640-648. ISSN 1362-4393

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Abstract

Study aims to examine changes in the magnitude of the flexion reflex following functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the rectus femoris (RF) muscle. The incidence of the early component of the flexion reflex (<100 ms) was low, suggesting that this reflex component might be suppressed in SCI. The long latency flexion reflex component (>120 ms) was observed in all subjects during control conditions and following sensorimotor conditioning. FES applied to the RF muscle (above and below MT) in the main induced a significant early and long lasting depression of the long latency flexion reflex. The depression of the flexion reflex was a result of multisensory actions on flexion reflex pathways resulting from the direct and indirect (mechanical) consequences of electrically induced muscle contraction on cutaneous and muscle afferents. Our findings emphasize the importance of sensory feedback mechanisms in modulating flexion reflex excitability, and highlight the need for rehabilitation professionals to consider the central actions of FES-induced afferent feedback when incorporating FES into a rehabilitation program.

Item type: Article
ID code: 6756
Keywords: FES, cutaneous afferents, rehabilitation, sensorimotor integration, bioengineering, Bioengineering, Human anatomy
Subjects: Technology > Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > Bioengineering
Science > Human anatomy
Department: Faculty of Engineering > Bioengineering
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2008
    Last modified: 04 Oct 2012 12:13
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/6756

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