Picture of a sphere with binary code

Making Strathclyde research discoverable to the world...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. It exposes Strathclyde's world leading Open Access research to many of the world's leading resource discovery tools, and from there onto the screens of researchers around the world.

Explore Strathclyde Open Access research content

Differentiation of silane adsorption onto model E-glass surfaces from mixed solutions of amino and glycidyl silanes

Liu, X.M. and Thomason, J.L. and Jones, F.R. (2006) Differentiation of silane adsorption onto model E-glass surfaces from mixed solutions of amino and glycidyl silanes. In: 12th European Conference on Composite Materials, 2006-08-29 - 2006-09-01.

[img]
Preview
PDF (strathprints006496.pdf)
strathprints006496.pdf

Download (273kB) | Preview

Abstract

Mixed silanes are often used as coupling agents in sizings for glass fibres. A technique has been developed which enables the preferential adsorption of a particular silane onto a model E-glass from a mixed aqueous silane solution to be probed. It is shown that γ-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) is preferentially adsorbed over γ-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPS) onto model E-glass fibres. High resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been employed to investigate the nature of silane deposits. Differentiation between the hydrolysed silane deposit and the model silica-based glass substrate was achieved by Si2p curve fitting. The extent of total silane adsorption onto model E-glass fibres was determined from the intensity of CSiO3 peak. In the case of APS/GPS mixed silanes, the N1s peak intensity provides the concentration of APS in the deposit. By comparing the relative intensities of the components in the Si2p3/2 and Si2p1/2 peaks for SiO4 and CSiO3 with the intensity of the N1s peak an assessment of differential adsorption proved possible.