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Search for gravitational waves associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts using data from the second, third, and fourth LIGO runs

Abbott, B. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, R. and Agresti, J. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Amin, R. and Lockerbie, N.A. (2008) Search for gravitational waves associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts using data from the second, third, and fourth LIGO runs. Physical Review D: Particles and Fields, 77 (6). 062004/1-062004/22. ISSN 0556-2821

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    Abstract

    We present the results of a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by gamma-ray satellite experiments during LIGO's S2, S3, and S4 science runs. The search involves calculating the crosscorrelation between two interferometer data streams surrounding the GRB trigger time. We search for associated gravitational radiation from single GRBs, and also apply statistical tests to search for a gravitational-wave signature associated with the whole sample. For the sample examined, we find no evidence for the association of gravitational radiation with GRBs, either on a single-GRB basis or on a statistical basis. Simulating gravitational-wave bursts with sine-Gaussian waveforms, we set upper limits on the root-sum-square of the gravitational-wave strain amplitude of such waveforms at the times of the GRB triggers. We also demonstrate how a sample of several GRBs can be used collectively to set constraints on population models. The small number of GRBs and the significant change in sensitivity of the detectors over the three runs, however, limits the usefulness of a population study for the S2, S3, and S4 runs. Finally, we discuss prospects for the search sensitivity for the ongoing S5 run, and beyond for the next generation of detectors.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 6488
    Keywords: gamma-ray bursts, satellite, LIGO, gravitational wave bursts, gravitational radiation, optics, Optics. Light, Physics, Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
    Subjects: Science > Physics > Optics. Light
    Science > Physics
    Department: Faculty of Science > Physics
    Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Miss Darcy Spiller
    Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2008
    Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 12:48
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/6488

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