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Interference and the lossless lossy beam splitter

Jeffers, J. (2000) Interference and the lossless lossy beam splitter. Journal of Modern Optics, 47 (11). pp. 1819-1824. ISSN 0950-0340

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Abstract

By directing the input into a particular mode it is possible to obtain as output all of the input light for a beamsplitter which is 50% absorbing. This effect is also responsible for nonlinear quantum interference when two photons are incident on the beam splitter.