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Stainless steel stub columns subject to combined bending and axial loading

Macdonald, Martin and Rhodes, J. (2004) Stainless steel stub columns subject to combined bending and axial loading. In: 17th International Speciality Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures, 2004-11-04 - 2004-11-05.

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Stainless steel exhibits highly non-linear behaviour, and in the case of short column structural members, this can lead to substantial conservatism in the prediction of load capacity by design codes due to their use of the 0.2% proof stress as an upper limit of capacity. This paper examines the behaviour of short stainless steel stub columns in which the material follows a Ramberg-Osgood type of stress-strain law. The column length is varied to examine the effects on the load capacity when the column is subjected to varying magnitudes of combined bending and axial compression loading. The loading is applied as eccentric axial loading, with the eccentricity being positive at one end and negative at the other to produce varying moments along the column under load. Two different methods of analysis are employed, (1) the ASCE design code using a Ramberg-Osgood stress-strain law combined with a full section moment capacity within the interaction formula with nominal levels of loading eccentricity, and (2), the same approach, but using the true eccentricity with reference to the unsupported length of the columns. The results are compared with those obtained from a series of compression tests performed on cold formed stainless steel Type 304 stub columns of lipped channel cross-section for the same conditions.