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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Short-term knee flexion during stair ascent in total knee arthroplasty patients

Govind, C. and Komaris, D. and Riches, P. and Clarke, J. and Picard, F. and Ewen, A. (2016) Short-term knee flexion during stair ascent in total knee arthroplasty patients. In: British Orthopaedic Research Society, 2016-09-05 - 2016-09-06, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Stair ascent is a demanding activity which requires around 85° of knee flexion. Analysing this task may give an indication of Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) joint function. This study looked at short-term outcomes to give information regarding initial recovery after TKA surgery. Three-dimensional motion analysis was carried out on five healthy control participants and five TKA patients (Columbus®, B. Braun Aesculap, Tuttlingen) performing five stair ascents at their own self-selected pace, choosing whether or not to use handrails. Control data were recorded at one assessment and patient data both pre-operatively and at mean follow up of 10 weeks (8 to 12) post-operatively. The maximum knee flexion achieved during stair ascent was calculated. Four patients walked with a step over step strategy enabling comparison with the control group. There was no change in mean flexion angle from pre-operative to post-operation for either the operated side [mean pre-operatively=84° (76°-94°) vs. 82° (79°-86°) post-operatively , paired t-test p=0.67] or the non-operated side [mean pre-operatively=81° (61°-87°) vs. 81° (70°-95°) postoperatively, paired t-test p=0.56]. This was lower than mean for the control group, 97° (90°-106°) t-test p<0.001. The pre- and post-operative flexion angles of the patient who walked with a step by step strategy was 55° and 56° on the operated side and 43° and 52° on the non-operated side. Knee flexion during stair ascent was similar both pre- and at 10 weeks post operation. Post-operative function did not reach control group values. The large variation between individuals for flexion of the non-operated side may represent different strategies for stair ascent: higher angles to achieve a greater ground clearance for safety, or lower angles to allow the patient to ascend faster so the operated support leg spends less time under load. Further work on a larger number of patients is required to understand this finding.