Thomason, J.L. (2006) Structure-property relationships in glass-reinforced polyamide, part 1: The effects of fiber content. Polymer Composites, 27 (5). pp. 552-562. ISSN 0272-8397
We present the results of an extensive study of the performance of injection-molded glass-fiber reinforced polyamide 66 with glass content between 0 and 40% and based on two chopped glass products both sized with polyamide compatible sizing. Mechanical properties generally improved with increasing glass content, modulus linearly, strength with a maximum at 40-50% glass content, and impact showing an initial decrease from the resin value with a minimum at 4% glass content before increasing at higher glass contents. Residual fiber length decreased linearly with increasing glass content. Interfacial strength was found to be in the range of 30-36 MPa, and no significant differences in dry as molded performance was found between the 123D and 173X sizings. Conditioning these composites in either boiling water or water/glycol mixtures leads to a dramatic drop in both tensile modulus and tensile strength. This is most likely due to the high level of matrix plasticization. After conditioning, the 173X sized glass delivered a significantly higher level of tensile elongation at all fiber contents. Excellent agreement was obtained between the experimental data and the theoretical predictions of the rule of mixtures model for modulus and the Kelly-Tyson model for strength over the range of fiber concentrations studied.
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