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Milestones in pressure vessel technology

Spence, J. and Nash, D.H. (2004) Milestones in pressure vessel technology. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 81 (2). pp. 89-118. ISSN 0308-0161

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The progress of pressure vessel technology over the years has been influenced by many important events. This paper identifies a number of 'milestones' which have provided a stimulus to analysis methods, manufacturing, operational processes and new pressure equipment. The formation of a milestone itself along with its subsequent development is often critically dependent on the work of many individuals. It is postulated that such developements takes place in cycles, namely, an initial idea, followed sometimes by unexpected failures, which in turn stimulate analysis or investigation, and when confidence is established, followed finally by the emergence of codes ad standards. Starting from the industrial revolution, key milestones are traced through to the present day and beyond.