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Evidence evaluation and use in undergraduates' everyday reasoning

Anderson, A. and Soden, R. and Hunter, S.C. (2001) Evidence evaluation and use in undergraduates' everyday reasoning. Scottish Educational Review, 33 (1). pp. 59-71. ISSN 0141-9072

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In a peer interaction task involving controversial topics, 30 undergraduate psychology students identified strengths and weaknesses of various items of evidence. Participants could make some appropriate criticisms of evidence and were most positive about research-based evidence. However, generalizations were most frequently used to bolster participants' arguments, even after exposure to various evidence forms.