Picture of smart phone in human hand

World leading smartphone and mobile technology research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in researching exciting new applications for mobile and smartphone technology. But the transformative application of mobile technologies is also the focus of research within disciplines as diverse as Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Marketing, Human Resource Management and Biomedical Enginering, among others.

Explore Strathclyde's Open Access research on smartphone technology now...

Mahonian STAT on words

Kitaev, Sergey and Vajnovszki, Vincent (2016) Mahonian STAT on words. Information Processing Letters, 116. pp. 157-162. ISSN 1872-6119

[img]
Preview
Text (Kitaev-Vajnovszki-IPL-2015-Mohanian-STAT-on-words)
Kitaev_Vajnovszki_IPL_2015_Mohanian_STAT_on_words.pdf - Accepted Author Manuscript
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 logo

Download (296kB) | Preview

Abstract

In 2000, Babson and Steingr\'imsson introduced the notion of what is now known as a permutation vincular pattern, and based on it they re-defined known Mahonian statistics and introduced new ones, proving or conjecturing their Mahonity. These conjectures were proved by Foata and Zeilberger in 2001, and by Foata and Randrianarivony in 2006. In 2010, Burstein refined some of these results by giving a bijection between permutations with a fixed value for the major index and those with the same value for STAT, where STAT is one of the statistics defined and proved to be Mahonian in the 2000 Babson and Steingr\'imsson's paper. Several other statistics are preserved as well by Burstein's bijection. At the Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics Conference (FPSAC) in 2010, Burstein asked whether his bijection has other interesting properties. In this paper, we not only show that Burstein's bijection preserves the Eulerian statistic ides, but also use this fact, along with the bijection itself, to prove Mahonity of the statistic STAT on words we introduce in this paper. The words statistic STAT introduced by us here addresses a natural question on existence of a Mahonian words analogue of STAT on permutations. While proving Mahonity of our STAT on words, we prove a more general joint equidistribution result involving two six-tuples of statistics on (dense) words, where Burstein's bijection plays an important role.